Performing Gender in the “Anos de Chumbo”:  Identity, Ambiguity and Counterculture 

In the early years of the Brazilian military government, the artistic movement Tropicália led to specific changes in the Brazilian art scene. Tropicália expressed a panorama of changes and entanglements, and influenced the behavior and feelings of a whole generation. It opened new avenues for the art scene, particularly inspiring new discussion about the Brazilian imagination, and for the first time addressing issues of gender and sexuality. This project aims to map topics such as gender and sexuality that have been addressed in Brazilian popular music and in the graphic design of the covers of LPs and CDs. The research aims to deepen the studies on gender using queer theory and its discussion on gender and corporeality, drawing a parallel between American pop music production and the Brazilian scene in recent decades.


Jorge Luís P. Rodrigues, also known as Jorge Caê Rodrigues, is currently a professor of cultural production at the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Rio de Janeiro. He is the author of the books Fatal Years: Design, Music and Tropicalism; and Identity Impressions: A Look at the Gay Press in Brazil. He holds a degree in visual communication from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, a bachelor’s degree in arts education from the Bennett Institute, a master’s degree in design from the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro, and a PhD in comparative literature from the Fluminense Federal University (2007).